SOP 2016

Self-organized patterns
on complex networks

21 September 2016

A satellite workshop of the
2016 Conference on Complex Systems



Recent advances on the multidisciplinary science of complex networks have generated increasing interest on dynamical processes occurring on them, ranging from biology and physics to social science. Self-organization phenomena such as sycnhronization, chimera states or localized stationary and oscillatory patterns, can spontaneously emerge in such systems as a consequence of the interplay between the network architecture and nonlinear dynamics. The network architecture plays a role of paramount importance in seeding and shaping self-organized patterns, an observation which is nowadays accepted as a paradigm in the field of complex systems. Various reaction-diffusion systems (e.g. subjected to noise, time delay, feedback control) organized on different network architectures (e.g. symmetric or directed networks, trees, multiplexes, modular networks) are among the topics that have been addressed in both theoretical and experimental studies, exhibiting fascinating dynamical behaviours.

The main goals of the workshop are:

  1. To gather together researchers of the field in order to discuss on the currently available families of models, their respective domain of applications, the corresponding set of emergent behaviours and the possible impact of different networks topologies (simplex, multiplex, multigraphs, modular networks, hierarchical networks, etc.).
  2. To debate on the main challenges to be addressed within the field for years to come, both in theory and experiments.
  3. To examine models validation with real data and analyze those stylized facts, which can be adequately reproduced.
  4. To foster research by exchanging knowledge on methods for abstract models targeted to the set of emergent phenomena.


Keynote Speakers

  • Hiroya Nakao, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan (Abstract)
    Pattern formation and collective dynamics in reaction-diffusion systems on networks

    Since Turing’s seminal work, reaction-diffusion models have played a central role in the analysis of various self-organized spatio-temporal patterns in nature. As pointed out by Othmer and Scriven already in 1971, it is straightforward to generalize the reaction-diffusion models to networks, which gives us a wider perspective on pattern formation. In this talk, several topics on pattern formation and collective dynamics in reaction-diffusion models on random networks will be discussed. We consider formation of Turing patterns in activator-inhibitor systems on networks, where difference in diffusivity of chemical species leads to destabilization of uniform states and formation of patterns. It is shown that, for networks with degree heterogeneity, simple mean-field approximation of the network can account for backbones of the developed patterns. We will also see that essentially the same mechanism, called Benjamin-Feir instability, destabilizes uniformly synchronized state and leads to collective dynamics in coupled oscillators on networks. More general types of diffusion-induced instabilities in reaction-diffusion systems with three chemical species or in directed networks will also be discussed. Some related unsolved issues, such as self-consistency analysis of developed patterns, bifurcation analysis of instability, and localization properties of Laplacian eigenmodes on networks, will also be mentioned.
  • Raffaella Burioni Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Parma (Abstract)
    Self Organized Bistability

    Multistability-understood as the existence of diverse stationary states under a fixed set of conditions—is ubiquitous in physics and in biology, it and leads to interesting spatial and temporal patterns. Motivated by several empirical observation of bimodal distributions of activity, we propose and analyze a theory for the self-organization to the point of phase-coexistence in systems exhibiting a first-order phase transition. It explains the emergence of regular avalanches patterns with attributes of scale-invariance which coexist with huge anomalous ones, with realizations in many fields.
  • Iryna Omelchenko Technische Universität Berlin (Abstract)
    Chimera states: intriguing patterns in complex networks

    Chimera states are complex spatio-temporal patterns that consist of coexisting domains of spatially coherent and incoherent dynamics. This counterintuitive phenomenon was first observed in 2002 in systems of identical oscillators with symmetric coupling topology. During the last decade, chimera states have been theoretically investigated in a wide range of networks, where different kinds of coupling schemes varying from regular nonlocal to completely random topology have been considered. Potential applications of chimera states in nature include the phenomenon of unihemispheric sleep in birds and dolphins, bump states in neural systems, power grids, and social systems. We discuss current state-of-the-art in studies of chimera states, and demonstrate recent findings. In particular, we analyze properties of chimera states in the systems of nonlinear oscillators, the role of local dynamics and network topologies. We also address the robustness of chimeras due to inhomogeneities, and possible strategies of their control.


Registration is now open. Please submitt your abstract through: EasyChair

Registration to CCS2016 is required in order to attend the workshop. There are no additional costs.

Important dates

Abstract submission (NEW) deadline: 21 July 2016

Notification of acceptance: 30 July 2016

Workshop: 21 September 2016


Wednesday, 21 September 2016

10:00 - 10:10
Opening of the SOP2016 meeting
10:10 - 11:00 Invited Talk
Raffaella Burioni, Self Organized Bistability
11:00 - 11:50 Invited Talk
Hiroya Nakao, Pattern formation and collective dynamics in reaction-diffusion systems on networks
11:50 - 12:30 Contributed Talks
  • M. Asllani, Recent developments of Turing pattern formation in complex networks (20 min)
  • N. E. Kouvaris, Self-organized stationary patterns in networks of bistable chemical reactions (20 min)
12:30 - 13:30 Lunch break
13:30 - 14:15 Keynote Talk CSS
14:20 - 15:10 Invited Talk
Iryna Omelchenko, Chimera states: intriguing patterns in complex networks
15:10 - 15:50 Contributed Talks
  • S. Morse, Persistent Cascades: Detecting the fundamental patterns of information spread in a social network (20 min)
  • A. Grimm, Nestedness in Communication Networks: From Information Exchange to Topology (20 min)
15:50 Conclusions and coffee break


The workshop will take place at

Beurs Van Berlage, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Damrak 243,
1012 ZJ Amsterdam,
The Netherlands